At this blog, when not commenting on events in my home town of New York, I've tended to look more toward Connecticut than New Jersey. But New Jersey has just elected a new Governor, by the name of Phil Murphy, in the off-year 2017 election; and he took office on Tuesday. Here is a link to his inaugural address. So perhaps it's time for a brief look to the West.
In terms of major aspects of public policy, New Jersey's recent history bears a great resemblance to that of Connecticut. When I first moved to New York in 1975, New York had top combined State and New York City income tax rates approaching 19%, while New Jersey had no income tax. New Jersey was booming. It seemed that on a weekly basis some securities firm was announcing its move to the Jersey City waterfront, right across the river. But New Jersey had a budget shortfall, and in 1977 then (Democrat) Governor Brendan Byrne proposed a "temporary" 2% income tax to close the gap and avoid increases in already-high property taxes. Forty years later, the property taxes are still just as high or higher, and New Jersey still has the income tax, with the top rate all the way up to 9%. Meanwhile, New York's top rate, including the New York City tax, has been reduced to a little under 13%, but only on income over $1 million; for income between $500,000 and $1 million, New Jersey now has less than a 2% income tax advantage over New York. I can't remember the last time I read about a business picking up and moving to New Jersey to save on taxes.
Also during the same period, a string of mostly Democratic governors and legislatures entered into a string of wildly overgenerous pension promises to the state workforce. (Republican Governor Christine Todd Whitman, 1994 - 2000, bears a small portion of the responsibility.) When the budget was tight, they "solved" the problem by just skipping the pension contributions. Today New Jersey competes with the likes of California, Illinois and Connecticut for having the most irresponsible and worst-funded public pensions. A report out in December from the American Legislative Exchange Council put the funding level of New Jersey's public pensions (at a risk-free interest rate) at 25.6%, 46th worst among the states. This is way, way beyond the level where miraculous increases in the stock market or hedge funds can ever bail you out, and is deep into a death spiral.
And yes, like any decent blue state, New Jersey has a seemingly perpetual budget "crisis." As not the least part of it, it has been underpaying its required pension contributions by up to about $3 billion per year -- this on a budget of about $36 billion per year. And New Jersey's bond rating has been cut 11 times in the past 8 years, most recently to A3 by Moody's. Hey, it's better than Illinois's rating!
Enter new Governor Murphy. He is a Democrat. And what credentials! Harvard College! Wharton Business School! Goldman Sachs! This guy is really, really smart! And he may actually be "smart" in some sense. I'll bet he had great SATs. However, on the record of his campaign promises, you could be forgiven for inferring that he would have difficulty adding two plus two.
I should mention that Murphy is a complete standard-issue progressive, in the mold of an Obama or a Hillary. Perhaps not quite as far off the scale as a Sanders or a Warren. He is facing a nearly hopeless budget situation, with an immediate need for about $3 billion per year (almost 10% of the budget) to pay for past pension promises -- payments that will deliver absolutely nothing in the way of new or better services for the people. What to do? So far, his answer has been a collection of totally pie-in-the-sky promises of new and additional spending that can have no possible relation to reality. Here is a list of just some of the items from his campaign web site:
- More money for the black hole of New Jersey Transit ("Rebuilding our cities through critical investments in transportation infrastructure")
- More money for the black hole of the New Jersey state university system ("Re-investing in our institutions of higher education and community colleges to make them affordable")
- More money for the black hole of K-12 education (Easing the property tax burden by funding our schools, restoring rebates for seniors and low-income residents. . . ."). (K-12 school spending in New Jersey for 2015 -- most recent year I can find -- was over $18,000, nearly double the national average.)
- New money for student loan relief ("Providing student loan relief for STEM employees")
- Additional payments to low income people carefully structured to be sure that no one is actually removed from poverty ("Expand the EITC to 40 percent of federal level, so that working families can lift themselves out of poverty.") (Is this guy really so dumb that he doesn't know that EITC payments are not counted in the measure of "poverty"? Or is he just being intentionally deceptive with this one?)
- More money to achieve universal healthcare "coverage" and lower premiums ("Access to health care is a basic right")
And so forth. And then, how about my perennial favorite -- infinite oodles of fresh cash to "Combat Climate Change & Make New Jersey A National Leader in Clean Energy"? Yes, Murphy is pledging to wipe out all use of fossil fuels by 2050 -- not just the paltry 80% reductions promised by his confrères across the river and in California:
Murphy committed, within his first 100 days in office, to starting the process of creating a new State Energy Master Plan to set New Jersey on a path to 100 percent clean energy by 2050.
This guy -- and remember, he went to Harvard and the Wharton Business School, and worked at Goldman Sachs for decades -- actually believes, or claims to believe, that spending oodles of government money to force a switch from less expensive to more expensive sources of energy somehow makes the people richer rather than poorer:
Murphy noted that moving to a clean-energy economy would encourage innovation and create jobs, as every $1 spent on early-stage clean energy research and development generates an additional $1.60 in output from other sectors of the economy. He said his plan would maximize this potential, in large part, supporting innovation and R&D in higher education.
And don't forget the importance of "climate justice"!
Murphy said he also would ensure that the benefits of clean energy reach all communities as a matter of environmental and economic justice. “Too often, conversations about climate change have ignored the disproportionate impact on lower-income and politically vulnerable communities, yet the environmental concerns in these communities are staggering,” said Murphy, noting that, in Newark, as many as one in four children have asthma. “We must ensure environmental justice as a core principle.”
Once you get into this groupthink, you're just not allowed to realize that tripling the cost of energy for the poor is the opposite of "climate justice."
All this (and lots more) with a budget already hopelessly under water. Does he have any proposal to pay for it all? Of course, there is the usual call for higher taxes on the top 1%. ("In New Jersey, the wealthiest 1% continue to pay a far lower share of their income in state and local taxes than the lowest-income residents. Phil strongly believes that is unacceptable in 2017.") Good luck with that. Here's NJ Senate President Steve Sweeney on Fox Business today basically saying that the "millionaire's tax" is not going to work any more in the wake of the federal tax reform. OK, the only other suggestion I can find in Murphy's stuff is the bright idea of getting the pensions out of investing in hedge funds in order to save on investment fees. That might produce about 1% of the money Murphy is looking for.
New Jersey has come to the blue state dead end. The new Governor, living in fantasyland, doesn't realize it yet. Maybe he never will. But he is about to get mugged by reality. Meanwhile, his state will continue its long-term relative decline. Maybe the voters will just keep voting for more and more of the free stuff while the decline continues and accelerates.